From Balletics to Ballistics: French Artillery, 1897-1916

  • Jonathan Krause, Dr University of Wolverhampton, UK


The fighting on the Western Front during the First World War was characterized by the mass use of artillery and, thanks to scholarship from recent decades, is now understood as a crucible for learning and innovation.  This article follows the trajectory of French artillery capabilities, mental and mechanical, from the late 19th century through to 1916.